Design Alternatives for Evaluating the Impact of Conservation Projects
This chapter discusses a range of design options to evaluate conservation interventions and the different results they produce. As alternatives to experimental and quasi-experimental design and the use of counterfactuals, these evaluation design options consider the unique challenges that influence evaluation design selection in conservation.
Margoluis, R., Stem, C., Salafsky, N., & Brown, M. (2009). Design alternatives for evaluating the impact of conservation projects. In M. Birnbaum & P. Mickwitz (Eds.), Environmental program and policy evaluation: Addressing methodological challenges. New Directions for Evaluation, 122, 85–96.